In contrast to the margin setting of PN1A, the mooring at Axial Seamount is far from the continental shelft (>350 km) and hence represents an open-ocean or pelagic site in the continuum of observing scales represented in the OOI's cabled system. Here, large-scale currents including the North Pacific Current, the subpolar gyre and the northern end of the California Current interact. These currents transport heat, salt, oxygen, and biota, all of which are crucial to the region's ecosystem. However, their variability arises from forcing as varied as tides and winds to interannual (El Niño) to decadal (Pacific Decadal Oscillation) timescales. Examples of relevant science questions represented in the OOI Science Requirements include: 1) How, and how strongly do tidal currents break down into turbulence, and what are the feedbacks on the large scale current system? Internal tides are ubiquitos vertical motions formed by tidal currents flowing past bottom features such as Axial Seamount and the base of continental margins with steep topography; 2) What is the impact of long- and short-term forcing changes on the structure and transports of the large-scale current system? What are their effects on the ecosystem? Together with the mooring Ocean Station Papa, these processes can be studied with observing platforms in the water column at these two sites.
Location: 46.1082ºN 129.6182ºW Water Depth: 2650-2654 meters